Das Konditional II

Form

Der 'if' Satz im Konditional II steht im Perfekt und der Hauptsatz steht im Konditional Präsens oder im 'present continuous conditional'.

If -Satz (Bedingung) Hauptsatz (Ergebnis)
If + Perfekt 'present conditional' oder 'present continuous conditional'
If this thing happened that thing would happen.

Wie in allen Konditionalsätzen ist die Satzstellung variabel. Die Pronomen und die Satzzeichen werden angeglichen, die Bedeutung bleibt aber dieselbe.

Beispiele
  • If it rained, you would get wet.
  • You would get wet if it rained.
  • If you went to bed earlier you wouldn't be so tired.
  • You wouldn't be so tired if you went to bed earlier.
  • If she fell, she would hurt herself.
  • She would hurt herself if she fell.

Funktionsweise

Der Konditional II beschreibt eine unwahrscheinliche oder hypothetische Begebenheit ind ihr mögliches Ergebnis. Diese Sätze beziehen sich nicht auf eine reale Situation. Die Zeit ist jetzt oder irgendwann und die Situation ist hypothetisch.

Beispiele
  • If the weather wasn't so bad, we would go to the park. (But the weather is bad so we can't go.)
  • If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone a chicken. (But I am not the Queen.)
  • If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring.
  • If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.

Es ist richtig und sehr gebräuchlich "if I were" anstatt "if I was" zu sagen.

Beispiele
  • If I were taller, I would buy this dress.
  • If I were 20, I would travel the world.
  • If I were you, I would give up smoking.
  • If I were a plant, I would love the rain.

Im Konditional II kann "would" durch ein Modalverb im Hauptsatz ersetzt werden, um einen Grad von Wahrscheinlichkeit, eine Erlaubnis oder eine Empfehlung auszusprechen.

Beispiele
  • We might buy a larger house if we had more money
  • He could go to the concert if you gave him your ticket.
  • If he called me, I couldn't hear.

Das Konditional Präsens

Das Konditional Präsens aller Verben setzt sich aus zwei Teilen zusammen:
would + Infinitiv des Hauptverbs, ohne "to"

Subjekt + would + Infinitiv
He would go
They would stay
To Go: Konditional Präsens
Bejahend Verneinend Frage  Negative Frage
I would go I wouldn't go Would I go? Wouldn't I go?
You would go You wouldn't go Would you go? Wouldn't you go?
He would go He wouldn't go Would he go? Wouldn't he go?
She would go She wouldn't go Would she go? Wouldn't she go?
We would go We wouldn't go Would we go? Wouldn't we go?
They would go They wouldn't go Would they go? Wouldn't they go?